Bread&Net 2022

Kassem Mnejja

Kassem Mnejja is the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Campaigner with Access Now. Kassem works on developing campaigns that advocate and advance digital rights in the MENA region.

قسام المنجة هو منسق الحملات بمنطقة الشرق الأوسط وشمال إفريقيا مع منظمة أكساس ناو. ويعمل قسام على تطوير حملات مناصرة لحماية وتعزيز الحقوق الرقمية بالمنطقة.


Down for Nothing? Shutdowns during Exams in the Middle East and North Africa
Kassem Mnejja, Khattab Hamad, Raya Sharbain, Sarah Cupler, Mark West

In some countries of the Middle East and North Africa region (MENA), governments shut down the internet during exams to foil students’ attempts at cheating or leaking exam questions. These practices range from shutting down mobile internet for hours to partial and geographical blocking of messaging apps, as well as long-term internet outages. But how effective are these practices at preventing cheating? And what impact does it have on communities and these countries?

Digital Authoritarianism